To start the discussion on oily skincare, it’s imperative to first understand the cause behind oily skin. Put simply, oily skin is a result of excessive production of sebum (an oily substance that is naturally produced by the skin). As is known to everyone, excess of everything is bad; so excessive sebum is bad too. It leads to clogging of skin pores, resulting in the accumulation of dead cells and hence the formation of pimples/acne. Moreover, oily skin spoils your looks too. So, ‘oily skincare’ is as important as ‘skincare’ for other types of skin.
The basic aim of ‘oily skincare’ is the removal of excessive sebum or oil from the skin. However, oily skin care procedures should not lead to the complete removal of oil. ‘Oily skincare’ starts with the use of a cleanser. However, not all cleansers will work. You need a cleanser that contains salicylic acid i.e. a beta-hydroxy acid that retards the rate of sebum production. Cleansing should be done twice a day (and even more in hot and humid conditions).
Most oily skincare products are oil-free; however, it is always good to check the ingredients of the product, before you buy it. This is especially important if a product is marked as ‘suitable for all skin types, instead of ‘oily skin care product’. ‘Oily skincare’ is also dependent on the degree of oiliness, if you aren’t too oily, so some of these ‘suitable for all’- types of products might work for you too. For extremely oily skin, only oily skincare products are suitable. Your oily skincare routine can include an alcohol based toner (for extremely oily skin). This can be the second step in your oily skincare routine i.e. just after cleansing. However, excessive toning can harm your skin.
The next step in your oily skincare routine can be a mild moisturizer. Again, the degree of oiliness of your skin will determine whether you need to include this in your oily skincare routine. If you do decide to include a moisturizer, be sure to use one that is oil-free, wax-free, and lipid-free.
You could also use a clay mask (say once a week) as an oily skin care measure.
As far as the oily skincare products go, you might need to try out a few before you arrive at the one that is suitable for your skin.
In case these measures don’t give you the desired result, consult a good dermatologist for advice. He could prescribe stronger oily skincare products like vitamin A creams, retinoids, sulphur creams etc , which can help counter the problems of oily skin.